Image Based NEET PG Questions with Explanations Dated 15-4-2018

Image Based NEET PG Questions with Explanations Dated 15-4-2018

These are explanations of our NEET PG Image Quiz date 14-4-2018 from our app on NEET PG Quiz available on Play Store

Question no. 1: 

1

Gynecomastia is triggred by decrease in the amount of hormone testosterone compared with estrogen.

Causes:

·         Anti androgens to treat prostate enlargement like flutamide, finasteride, spironolactone

·         AIDS medications

·         TCA & Anxiolytics

·         Hypogonadism (Klienfelter syndrome or pituitary insufficiency)

·         Tumors involving Testes, adrenal glands, pituitary glands

·         Kidney failure, regular dialysis

·         Liver failure  cirrhosis

·         Malnutrition & starvation

·         Aging

 

 

 Question no. 2:

2

PURSED LIP BREATHING (PLB)

Breathing consists of exhaling through tightly pressed (pursed lips) and inhaling through nose with mouth closed

Helps to ease shortness of breath and promote deep breathing

PLB is one of the signs that healthy workers use to detect possible COPD in patients

 

 

Question no. 3:

3

Y DESCENT IN JVP

A slow Y descent may be seen in tricuspid stenosis & right atrial myxoma

A shap Y descent (image) may be seen in Right ventricular failure

Constrictive pericarditis CV wave is prominent and y descent is rapid

 

 

Question no. 4:

4

 

CHVOSTEK SIGN

Contraction of the facial muscle in response to tapping the facial nerve

Hypocalcemia increases the excitation of nerves and muscle cells

 

 

Question no. 5:

5

THROMBOANGIITIS OBLITERANS / BUERGER’S DISEASE

Inflammatory occlusive vascular disorder involving small and medium size arteries and veins in the distal upper and lower extremities

Most common in men <40years

Definite relationship to cigarette smoking

TRIAD:

·         Claudication of affected extremity

·         Raynaud’s phenomenon

·         Migratory superficial vein thrombophlebitis

 

 

Question No. 6:

6

ANTI SMITH ANTIBODY

Specific for SLE

 

 

Question no. 7:

7

Licorice (image) contains glycyrrhizin acid whcich inhibits 11-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase allowing cortisol to exert an aldosterone like effect where cortisol is not metabolised to cortisone & thus stimulates sodium retention, potassium wastage & acid secretion.

Clinical picture: consumption of large quantity of licorice, high BP, hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis

 

 

Question No. 8:

8

SANGSTAKEN-BLAKEMORE TUBE

It is a medical device inserted through the nose or mouth and used occasionally in the management of upper GI haemorrhage due to esophageal varices / distended and fragile veins in the esophageal wall, usually a result of cirrhosis.

Device consists of  flexible plastic tube with several internal channels and two inflatable balloons & opening at the bottom (gastric tip).

 

 

Question No. 9:

9

STRUVITE STONES

·         They are the result of urinary tract infection with bacteria

·         Proteus species bacteria possess urease that degrades urea to NH3 & CO2

·         NH3 hydrolyses to NH4+ and raises the urine pH to 8/9

·         NH4+ PRESIPITATES PO4 3- & Mg2+ to form MgNH4PO (struvite)

 

 

Question No. 10:

10

PROPTOSIS

·         CAUSES :

§  Grave’s Ophthalmopathy

§  Orbital pseudotumor

§  Orbital cellulitis

§  Tumors of orbit

§  Carotid Cavernous Fistulas

 

Myxedema is seen in hypothyroidism & is characterised by puffy face & eyes, hands & feet

 

 

So these are Image Based NEET PG Questions with Explanations dated 14-4-2018

You can watch more NEET PG Image Quiz questions and practice these questions on our NEET PG app available on Google play store.

How to Download NEET PG Image Questions app:

Go to Google Play store. Type NEET PG Quiz or NEET PG in search bar and see the following image and download the app.

NEET PG Image Quiz Questions

 

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