Important medical syndromes for PG Entrance- part 1

 Common Medical Syndromes which you should never forget :

 Sometimes the question is framed from some medical syndrome and the question is  like that- All are features of this syndrome except ?

 So I will post in this series some important medical syndromes which you should  always remember. These are

1. Brown- Sequard Syndrome: It occurs due to injury or trauma to one half of spinal cord and is characterized by

  1. Loss of pain and temperature sensations on opposite half of body
  2. Loss of proprioception and discriminatory touch on same side of body 

2. Leriche syndrome: It is due to occlusion of distal aorta below level of renal arteries and characterized by

  1. Impotence
  2. Pain and claudication in lower limbs with calf muscle fatigue
  3. Weak pulsation in lower limbs

3. Weber syndrome:

  1. Ipsilateral oculomotor palsy and contralateral hemiplegia
  2. Due to involvement of posterior cerebral artery and perforating branches to midbrain

 

4. Gerstman Syndrome: It is due to involvement of dominant parietal lobe and is characterized by

-Acalculia and agraphia

– Confusion between right and left

– Finger agnosia

 

5. Wallenberg syndrome: It is due to involvement of Vertebral artery and its distal branches and/or posterior inferior cerebeller artery.

-Also known as Lateral medullary syndrome

-Ipsilateral loss of facial pain , Gait ataxia, Nystagmus,  

– Hoarseness of voice, dysphagia,

-Contralateral loss of pain and temperature

 

6. Wolf-Parkinson White Syndrome:

-It is an important cause of paroxysmal tachycardia

– Characterized by

   Short PR interval and slurring of upstroke of QRS complex- Delta wave

 

7. Asherman Syndrome: It is an important cause of infertility and characterized by

-formation of adhesions in endometrial cavity

– amenorrhoea

 

8. Meig Syndrome:

 It is characterized by benign ovarian tumour, ascites and right sided pleural effusion.

 

9. Ehlers-Danlos syndrome: It is characterized by

Defect in collagen fibres and leading to hyperextensibility of joints and hyperelasticity and friability of skin

 

10. Marfan Syndrome: It is a connective tissue disorder and characterized by

  • Arachnodactily
  • Subluxation of lens in eye
  • Dissecting aortic aneurism

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