Symptoms of Cardiac diseases

All students undergoing MBBS must know the following cardiac causes of chest pain.

  1. Myocardial ischemia
  2. Aortic dissection
  3. Aortic aneurysm
  4. Pulmonary embolism
  5. MVP
  6. Pericarditis
  7. Pulmonary Hypertension

Some of the non cardiac causes of chest pain are

  1. GIT causes- GERD, Esophagitis
  2. Pulmonary- Pleural effusion,Pneumothorax
  3. Muscular pains, Herpes zoster infection over chest wall 

What is Levine sign– Patient had chest pain and keep his clenched fist over the midsternum. It indicates angina as the cause of chest pain.

Some important cardiac causes of Hemoptysis are

  1. Mitral stenosis
  2. Pulmonary infarction
  3. Left Heart failure with pulmonary congestion
  4. Congenital Heart disease with left to right shunt

Some important cardiac causes of Dysnoea are

  1. Congestive heart failure
  2. Cardiac tamponade
  3. Angina equivalent
  4. Pulmonary HT

Some important cardiac causes of clubbing are

  1. Infective endocarditis
  2. Cyanotic CHD
  3. Atrail myxoma

Orthopnea: Difficulty in breathing in lying down position

Platypnea : Dysnoea which occurs in upright position

Trepopnea : Dysnoea which occurs in left or right recumbent position


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