What is Nipah Virus – NEET PG Questions

What is Nipah Virus – NEET PG Questions

Recently there has been an outbreak of Nipah virus infection in Kerala and 14 deaths have been reported till now. Here I will discuss some important points related to NIPAH Virus under following headings which will be useful for students preparing for NEET PG exams.

  • Introduction
  • Virus
  • Clinical Features
  • Diagnosis
  • Treatment
  • Prevention


  • Emerging Zoonosis or Zoonotic disease
  • Animals  to Humans
  • Kampung Sungai Nipah, Malaysia in 1998 and Singapore
  • In 2004, Bangladesh , By Consuming Date Palms
  • India 2018, Kozikhode in Kerala


  • Fruit bats of the Pteropodidae Family
  • RNA virus in the genus Henipavirus

Clinical Features:

  • 3–14 days after exposure
  • Fever, headache, drowsiness followed by disorientation and mental confusion
  • These symptoms can progress into coma as fast as in 24–48 hours
  • Breathing difficulty


  • Blood and Urine Samples
  • CSF analysis
  • Real time PCR Analysis – Polymerase Chain Reaction


  • No specific treatment
  • Supportive care
  • Barrier nursing practices


  • No treatment, so prevention is important
  • Prevention is better than cure
  • Avoid exposure to bats and sick pigs
  • Avoid drinking Raw Date palm sap
  • Avoid eating fruits partially bitten
  • Avoid drinking water from wells infested with bats

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